Pictured above: Some of our members celebrating after a sucessful week at the 2017 National conference
The Technology Student Association (TSA) is a non-profit organization that promotes education in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). TSA provides competitions in over 60 competitive individual and team events for high school and middle school students throughout the nation. There are three divisions of TSA competitions: Regionals, States, and Nationals. At each conference, members compete in events that range from traditional engineering and math challenges to fashion design, music production, and public speaking.
Pictured above: The girls of the chapter getting ready to head to Nationals 2017
Our Chapter meets once weekly, where students get together and work on their projects with the help and support of their advisors. Students are also encouraged to meet with their teams outside of school to work on their projects. Our chapter has been the home to hundreds of students over the course of several years, and has been the host of several state officers.
Mouse over or click the images to find out about our officers
Most of the freshmen at State College Area High School take Earth Systems Science
or Biology. After they complete these two courses, most will take either Physics
or Chemistry, but many other science courses are offered. All core sciences have
an advanced or regular option, and physics is offered as an AP.
The following is a complete list of all the science courses offered at State High:
Most students will take either one of the Algebra 1 courses, or Geometry when
they enter their freshman year. This allows most of the students at State High
to finish their senior year with either Pre Calculus, Calculus, or Statistics.
All math classes are offered at the College Preparatory, Advanced, or AP level.
The following is a complete list of all the math courses offered at State High:
The CTC (Career and Technical Center) electives are designed for students who wish to meet an education requirement for a specific objective. The STEM related CTC courses are broken down into the following categories:
State High also offers more electives directed specifically towards Technology Education:
A biological engineering and robotics company developing tools to improve hospitals and the experience of patients.
Artificial Intelligence has countless applications that could be beneficial in the health care industry. Our company is developing an artificially intelligent robot in order to assist in the diagnosis that patients require, with the intent of eventually be able complete the process on their own.Other uses for AI in the medical industry include:
Robotic surgical devices allow a surgeon at a console to operate remote-controlled robotic arms.
This method of surgery allows doctors to preform surgical procedures with very small movements,
allowing for an extreme level of accuracy. The number of robot-assisted procedures that are performed
worldwide has nearly tripled since 2007, from 80,000 to 205,000. Countless procedures may no longer have
to be preformed laparoscopically with the development of Robot Assisted Surgery.
With systems like the da Vinci surgeouns are given unprecedented control in a minimally invasive environment. Patients that undergo Robot Assisted Surgery under the da Vinci system experience less trauma on the body minimal scarring, and an accelerated recovery time compared to a normal laparoscopic surgery.
In the medical field, there are numerous applications that Artificial Intelligence could
be used for. In addition to textbook knowledge, doctors can only learn further through experience,
learning what symptoms are associated with what diseases and what medicines address them best.
An AI doctor would have the collective knowledge of all of its installations, becoming more
precise in its work than any human doctor could be in their lifetime.
Robots in the medical field would be able to keep track of all patients worldwide, easily transferring documentation between hospitals and other healthcare centers. In addition to this, robots can record and organize all previous, on-going, and future medical studies that are patient specific or otherwise. Any and all medical trials could be recorded and shared between hospitals to communicate results. Artificial Intelligence can hold data on all tests preformed by other robots, and information on hundreds of thousands of new drugs at one time. With all the easily transferrable documentation, robots can more easily examine the entire medical history of every patient.
Artifical Intelligence can also introduce a new level of saftey into hospitals. Human doctors have been found to create lethal errors in 15,000 aged patients a month, and 400,000 a year across all demographics. While there have been no long term studies on the effects of using Artificial Intelligence in medical situations, the accuracy and precision that comes with robotic processes could reduce these numbers greatly. Robots do not have to be perfect, just better than humans.
Robots do not have to remember countless symptoms that relate to countless diseases. If stored in a database, symptoms and diseases could be narrowed down much faster in a computer brain than a human brain. Robots can also recall information on every known drug, its use, proper dosage, and its interaction with other drugs.
The beginning of implementing Artificial Intelligence into the healthcare industry is not
a low-cost process. Of the existing AI robots used in hospitals, most cost between $1 million
and $2.5 million per unit. These systems also require costly maintenence and additional
consumables. A computer capable of supporting these units costs an additional $1 million,
however only one of these computers would be required per hospital.
The technology used would be similar to the AI supercomputer Watson. The hardware required for this process totals around $3 million, which is only slightly less than a CT scan machine. However, at only $3 million, this AI could diagnose numerous issues, while CT scanners have limited capabilities.
Sumarazing these expenses, the cost of an intelligent robotic diagnosis and surgical system would require a $2 million dollar computer, $2 million in hardware and equipment, as well as $1 million licensing and additional input devices for patients to interact with. The total cost for this AI system would be close to $5 million per unit per hospital.
While this seems extremely costly, Accenture Analysis estimates that $150 billion in annual savings would be created for the US healthcare economy by the year 2026. The AI health market is expected to have a 40% annual growth rate through 2021.
When implementing new technologies, concern is sure to arise. One source of concern centers
around the AI having a database with information on all patients. However, no identifiable
medical history would have to be stored. The only items that would have to be stored are
symptoms and solutions. Even with the threat of a cyber attack, all patients documentation
and medical history would be safe.
Humans have a limited memory and cannot be asked to remember all symptoms and solutions, among other things. With an AI system, information on all drugs and treatments could be saved, in addition to information on how they interact with each other, reducing the potential for drug related accidents.
Since the introduction of Robot Assisted Surgery, hundreds of thousands of robotic assisted surgeries have already been performed with no increased risk associated with them. Robots are extremely accurate and precise, allowing for a higher level of perfection and a lower risk of making a mistake.
Pictured above: Artificial Intelligence could some day reach a level where all medical procedures could be automatic.
Risks are involved with any kind of medical procedure. Several injuries have occured
while under the use of da Vinci operating systems. Many of these have been related to
(Product liability refers to a manufacturer or seller being held liable
for placing a defective product into the hands of a consumer.)
Injuries occuring at the hand of the manufacturer are most commonly a defect in the
product. All legal matters would then be taken up with the manufacturer, not the
operator of the system.
All Robot Assisted Surgery systems have an FDA warning, which informs both the user and the patient of the risks of using such a system. Another issue arises with the potential for medical malpractice. With these implications, it is most likely that a hospital would not have provided adequate training procedures for the user of the system. The development of courses in operating the da Vinci systems would allow for a decrease in the number of medical malpractice lawsuits.
Wrongful death is also a potential issue with using AI to assist in surgeries. Malfunctions or defects in the machine can result in an unintentional lethal injury. People who have lost a close relative to a surgical system malfunction may file a wrongful death lawsuit against the developer of the machine.
Pictured above: Artificial Intelligence can use a process called Machine Learning to educate themselves and then transfer information to other robotic systems
The potential uses of Artificial Intelligence in the medical field remain numerous.
Between robot assisted surgeries, maintaining databases of information, to hopefully one
day having a fully functioning diagnosis robot, Artificial Intelligence will help the
healthcare community make leaps and bounds forward.
Aside from medical uses, AI could be developed for recreational use, or domestic use within the home. With an ever increasing field of technology, the possibilities are endless.