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State High TSA
State College Area High School Chapter Webmaster Entry.
Read about our chapter, STEM Education, and Artifical Intelligence
Team A: 2098-901

About our Chapter



State High TSA students celebrating after a sucessful awards ceremony.

Pictured above: Some of our members celebrating after a sucessful week at the 2017 National conference


The Technology Student Association (TSA) is a non-profit organization that promotes education in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). TSA provides competitions in over 60 competitive individual and team events for high school and middle school students throughout the nation. There are three divisions of TSA competitions: Regionals, States, and Nationals. At each conference, members compete in events that range from traditional engineering and math challenges to fashion design, music production, and public speaking.


The girls of the State High TSA chapter getting ready to head to Nationals 2017

Pictured above: The girls of the chapter getting ready to head to Nationals 2017

Our Chapter meets once weekly, where students get together and work on their projects with the help and support of their advisors. Students are also encouraged to meet with their teams outside of school to work on their projects. Our chapter has been the home to hundreds of students over the course of several years, and has been the host of several state officers.



Chapter Officers

Each year, six students are elected by their chapter to serve as officers. Students in the chapter elect a President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, Reporter, and Sergeant-at-Arms.

Mouse over or click the images to find out about our officers

Chapter Advisors

To help keep us organized and on task

Mr. Greg Wilson:
Mr. Wilson works as a Technology Education teacher, and teaches classes on 3D modeling. After school, he helps the chapter with all of our events, answering any questions that we have.
A sunset over a theme park
Pictured above: After a hard week of working, students enjoyed some downtime at Universal Studios at the 2017 National Conference

STEM Education


Science

Most of the freshmen at State College Area High School take Earth Systems Science or Biology. After they complete these two courses, most will take either Physics or Chemistry, but many other science courses are offered. All core sciences have an advanced or regular option, and physics is offered as an AP.
The following is a complete list of all the science courses offered at State High:

  • Advanced Biology
  • Advanced Biology Electives
  • Advanced Chemistry 1
  • Advanced Chemistry 2
  • Advanced Earth Systems Science
  • Advanced Earth Systems Science Electives
  • Advanced Engineering Technology
  • Advanced Genetics
  • Advanced Molecular and Cellular Biology
  • Advanced Oceanography
  • Advanced Physics
  • Anatomy & Physiology
  • AP Physics 1 +
  • AP Physics C
  • Chemistry 1
  • Environmental Science 1
  • Environmental Science
  • Integrated Chemistry and Physics
  • Physics 1
  • Research Science & Engineering
  • Strategies for Biology

Mathematics

Most students will take either one of the Algebra 1 courses, or Geometry when they enter their freshman year. This allows most of the students at State High to finish their senior year with either Pre Calculus, Calculus, or Statistics. All math classes are offered at the College Preparatory, Advanced, or AP level.
The following is a complete list of all the math courses offered at State High:

  • Advanced Algebra 2
  • Advanced Geometry
  • Advanced Honors Precalculus
  • Advanced Precalculus
  • Advanced Topics Math
  • Algebra 1
  • Algebra 2
  • AP Calculus AB
  • AP Calculus BC
  • AP Computer Science
  • AP Statistics
  • College Preparatory Algebra 1
  • College Preparatory Algebra 2
  • College Preparatory Geometry
  • Functions and Trigonometry
  • Intro to Calculus
  • Precalculus
  • Seminar Math
  • Strategies for Algebra 1

STEM Electives


CTC Courses

The CTC (Career and Technical Center) electives are designed for students who wish to meet an education requirement for a specific objective. The STEM related CTC courses are broken down into the following categories:

  • Accounting and Finance
  • Agricultural Science
  • Architectural Drafting and Design
  • Automotive Technology
  • Building Construction
  • Cisco Networking Academy
  • Engineering

Technology Education

State High also offers more electives directed specifically towards Technology Education:

  • Advanced Computer Engineering Graphics
  • Computer Engineering Graphics 2
  • Computer Graphics 1
  • Video Media Technology
  • Woodworking

STEM Clubs


State College Area High School offers students many opportunities to participate in STEM related activities outside of the school day as well. These clubs usually go into all fields of STEM, but are generally focused around one of them. Each of these clubs are given opportunities to compete against their fellow members, and sometimes other schools.
  • TSA: Students learn about STEM related opportunities and apply and integrate these concepts in intracurricular activities, competitions, and related programs.
  • Envirothon: Students think critically about problems and solutions facing the environment and their roles in the natural world
  • HOSA: State High Health Professions Team, compete in medical competitions
  • Math Club: An organization of various math related activities. Home of the GEM seminar.
  • Rocketry Club: Students build, design, and fly rockets
  • Science Olympiad: 23 different science based events encompassing different fields of science

Artificial Intelligence

The Gateway To the Future

What is Artifical Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence is a collection of advanced technologies that allows machines to sense, comprehend, act and learn. Artificial intelligence marks a keystone moment in history where technology and every day actions become one in the same. AI's potential capabilities go beyond what any human is capable of completing, and at a significantly lower cost.

The technologies involved with Artificial Intelligence in the medical field could include a super computer built from many servers to hold all patient documentation and a database of all known diseases, ailments, and treatment options. An advanced AI system could learn in a similar way to a neural net, by preforming tasks repetitively associating what symptoms and what medicines provided positive feedback.

TOBOR

A biological engineering and robotics company developing tools to improve hospitals and the experience of patients.


Artificial Intelligence in Health Care

USES

Artificial Intelligence has countless applications that could be beneficial in the health care industry. Our company is developing an artificially intelligent robot in order to assist in the diagnosis that patients require, with the intent of eventually be able complete the process on their own.

Other uses for AI in the medical industry include:
  • Robot Assisted Surgery
  • Virtual Nursing Assistants
  • Administrative Workflow Assistance
  • Fraud Detection
  • Dosage Error Reduction
  • Connected Machines
  • Clinical Trial Participant Identifier
  • Preliminary Diagnosis
  • Automated Image Diagnosis
  • Cyber Security
  • Aid in Supply and Demand Deficiencey


An image of a brain designed to look like a circuit board


Robot Assisted Surgery

Robotic surgical devices allow a surgeon at a console to operate remote-controlled robotic arms. This method of surgery allows doctors to preform surgical procedures with very small movements, allowing for an extreme level of accuracy. The number of robot-assisted procedures that are performed worldwide has nearly tripled since 2007, from 80,000 to 205,000. Countless procedures may no longer have to be preformed laparoscopically with the development of Robot Assisted Surgery.

With systems like the da Vinci surgeouns are given unprecedented control in a minimally invasive environment. Patients that undergo Robot Assisted Surgery under the da Vinci system experience less trauma on the body minimal scarring, and an accelerated recovery time compared to a normal laparoscopic surgery.


A human designed to look like a circuit board

Benefits of Using Artificial Intelligence

In the medical field, there are numerous applications that Artificial Intelligence could be used for. In addition to textbook knowledge, doctors can only learn further through experience, learning what symptoms are associated with what diseases and what medicines address them best. An AI doctor would have the collective knowledge of all of its installations, becoming more precise in its work than any human doctor could be in their lifetime.

Robots in the medical field would be able to keep track of all patients worldwide, easily transferring documentation between hospitals and other healthcare centers. In addition to this, robots can record and organize all previous, on-going, and future medical studies that are patient specific or otherwise. Any and all medical trials could be recorded and shared between hospitals to communicate results. Artificial Intelligence can hold data on all tests preformed by other robots, and information on hundreds of thousands of new drugs at one time. With all the easily transferrable documentation, robots can more easily examine the entire medical history of every patient.

Artifical Intelligence can also introduce a new level of saftey into hospitals. Human doctors have been found to create lethal errors in 15,000 aged patients a month, and 400,000 a year across all demographics. While there have been no long term studies on the effects of using Artificial Intelligence in medical situations, the accuracy and precision that comes with robotic processes could reduce these numbers greatly. Robots do not have to be perfect, just better than humans.

Robots do not have to remember countless symptoms that relate to countless diseases. If stored in a database, symptoms and diseases could be narrowed down much faster in a computer brain than a human brain. Robots can also recall information on every known drug, its use, proper dosage, and its interaction with other drugs.


Cost

The beginning of implementing Artificial Intelligence into the healthcare industry is not a low-cost process. Of the existing AI robots used in hospitals, most cost between $1 million and $2.5 million per unit. These systems also require costly maintenence and additional consumables. A computer capable of supporting these units costs an additional $1 million, however only one of these computers would be required per hospital.
The technology used would be similar to the AI supercomputer Watson. The hardware required for this process totals around $3 million, which is only slightly less than a CT scan machine. However, at only $3 million, this AI could diagnose numerous issues, while CT scanners have limited capabilities.
Sumarazing these expenses, the cost of an intelligent robotic diagnosis and surgical system would require a $2 million dollar computer, $2 million in hardware and equipment, as well as $1 million licensing and additional input devices for patients to interact with. The total cost for this AI system would be close to $5 million per unit per hospital.

While this seems extremely costly, Accenture Analysis estimates that $150 billion in annual savings would be created for the US healthcare economy by the year 2026. The AI health market is expected to have a 40% annual growth rate through 2021.


Saftey

When implementing new technologies, concern is sure to arise. One source of concern centers around the AI having a database with information on all patients. However, no identifiable medical history would have to be stored. The only items that would have to be stored are symptoms and solutions. Even with the threat of a cyber attack, all patients documentation and medical history would be safe.

Humans have a limited memory and cannot be asked to remember all symptoms and solutions, among other things. With an AI system, information on all drugs and treatments could be saved, in addition to information on how they interact with each other, reducing the potential for drug related accidents.

Since the introduction of Robot Assisted Surgery, hundreds of thousands of robotic assisted surgeries have already been performed with no increased risk associated with them. Robots are extremely accurate and precise, allowing for a higher level of perfection and a lower risk of making a mistake.


A computer generated image of a
                             doctor using an iPad to view potential solutions to an issue, provided
                             by AI >

Pictured above: Artificial Intelligence could some day reach a level where all medical procedures could be automatic.


Liabilities and concerns

Risks are involved with any kind of medical procedure. Several injuries have occured while under the use of da Vinci operating systems. Many of these have been related to product liability. (Product liability refers to a manufacturer or seller being held liable for placing a defective product into the hands of a consumer.) Injuries occuring at the hand of the manufacturer are most commonly a defect in the product. All legal matters would then be taken up with the manufacturer, not the operator of the system.

All Robot Assisted Surgery systems have an FDA warning, which informs both the user and the patient of the risks of using such a system. Another issue arises with the potential for medical malpractice. With these implications, it is most likely that a hospital would not have provided adequate training procedures for the user of the system. The development of courses in operating the da Vinci systems would allow for a decrease in the number of medical malpractice lawsuits.

Wrongful death is also a potential issue with using AI to assist in surgeries. Malfunctions or defects in the machine can result in an unintentional lethal injury. People who have lost a close relative to a surgical system malfunction may file a wrongful death lawsuit against the developer of the machine.


An image displaying the message 'Machine Learning'

Pictured above: Artificial Intelligence can use a process called Machine Learning to educate themselves and then transfer information to other robotic systems


Future Uses

The potential uses of Artificial Intelligence in the medical field remain numerous. Between robot assisted surgeries, maintaining databases of information, to hopefully one day having a fully functioning diagnosis robot, Artificial Intelligence will help the healthcare community make leaps and bounds forward.

Aside from medical uses, AI could be developed for recreational use, or domestic use within the home. With an ever increasing field of technology, the possibilities are endless.